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Gramática

Reported Speech

When we want to tell someone what another person said, we can use direct speech or reported speech. In direct speech, we quote the speaker’s exact words- In reported speech, we report the words, but we change the verb tense and other words such as time expressions and pronouns. // Cuando queremos decirle a alguien lo que dijo otra persona, podemos usar direct speech o reported speech. En el direct speech, citamos las palabras exactas del hablante. En el reported speech, informamos las palabras, pero cambiamos el tiempo verbal y otras palabras como expresiones de tiempo y pronombres

Direct SpeechReported Speech
«I hate shopping for clothes» said BrianBrian said that he hated shopping for clothes
Paul is wearing my yellow hoodie in this photo» said AmyAmy said that Paul was wearing her yellow hoodle in that photo

Atención!

  • Present Simple -> Past Simple
  • Present Continuous -> Past Continuous
  • Will -> Would
  • Can -> Could

Cambiar expresiones de tiempo

  • Now -> Then
  • Today -> That day
  • Tomorrow -> The next day, the following day, the day after next week / year -> the following week / year. the week / year after.

Other changes

  • This -> That
  • These -> Those
  • Here -> There

Gerunds and Infinitives

When we express our opinions about fashion and shopping, we often use gerunds and infinitives. // Cuando expresamos nuestras opiniones sobre moda y compras, a menudo usamos gerundios e infinitivos.

Por ejemplo:

  • Saving money is important
  • I enjoy learning about money
  • We talked about looking for a summer job
  • I don’t mind working at the weekend.
  • I have learned to control how much I spend.
  • It’s easy to check prices on the Internet.

Vocabulario

Fashion

WORDSTRANSLATION
beltcinturón
braceletpulsera
earringspendientes
handbagbolso (de mano)
hoodiesudadera con capucha
make-upmaquillaje
nail varnishesmalte de uñas, pintaúñas
necklacecollar
phone casefunda de teléfono
pursemonedero
ringanillo
sunglassesgafas de sol
tightspantis, medias
walletcartera, billetera
watchreloj (de pulsera)

Adjectives

WORDSTRANSLATION
casualinformal, de sport
cheapbarato/a
colourfulcolorido/a, de colores vivos
comfortablecómodo/a
coolfresco/a
expensivecaro/a
fashionablemoderno/a, a la / de moda
formalformal; de etiqueta
lovelyprecioso/a, bello/a
modernmoderno/a
old-fashionedanticuado/a, pasado/a de moda
plainsencillo/a; liso/a
practicalpráctico/a
prettybonito/a
second-handde segunda mano
sophisticatedsofisticado/a
trendymoderno/a, a la moda

Grammar

Reported Speech

When we want to tell someone what another person said, we can use direct speech or reported speech. In direct speech, we quote the speaker’s exact words- In reported speech, we report the words, but we change the verb tense and other words such as time expressions and pronouns. // Cuando queremos decirle a alguien lo que dijo otra persona, podemos usar direct speech o reported speech. En el direct speech, citamos las palabras exactas del hablante. En el reported speech, informamos las palabras, pero cambiamos el tiempo verbal y otras palabras como expresiones de tiempo y pronombres

Direct SpeechReported Speech
«I hate shopping for clothes» said BrianBrian said that he hated shopping for clothes
Paul is wearing my yellow hoodie in this photo» said AmyAmy said that Paul was wearing her yellow hoodle in that photo

Atención!

  • Present Simple -> Past Simple
  • Present Continuous -> Past Continuous
  • Will -> Would
  • Can -> Could
Cambiar expresiones de tiempo
  • Now -> Then
  • Today -> That day
  • Tomorrow -> The next day, the following day, the day after next week / year -> the following week / year. the week / year after.
Other changes
  • This -> That
  • These -> Those
  • Here -> There

Gerunds and Infinitives

When we express our opinions about fashion and shopping, we often use gerunds and infinitives. // Cuando expresamos nuestras opiniones sobre moda y compras, a menudo usamos gerundios e infinitivos.

Por ejemplo:

  • Saving money is important
  • I enjoy learning about money
  • We talked about looking for a summer job
  • I don’t mind working at the weekend.
  • I have learned to control how much I spend.
  • It’s easy to check prices on the Internet.

Categorías: AprenderInglés

Alexandru Theodor Muntenas

Estudiante de la ESO en el IES Montevives. Miembro del Área de Altas Capacidades del IES Montevives y percusionista en la Banda Municipal Las Gabias. Aprender es una pasión : 9

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